Volunteering for an NGO as a Photographer
Be an Active Participant in the Worlds Struggles and Victories
Article and Photos by Jim Hall
Dry-season rice farmers in Kompong Leng, Cambodia.
I climbed out of the SUV after two hours of driving on what would most accurately be described as a goat trail and was told to grab a bag of provisions and wade across the river. On the other side, three motorcycles with drivers waited. From there it was another 30 minutes by hilly jungle paths to the remote province of Rattanakiri in the northeastern corner of Cambodia. As we were walked into the circle of 40 or so houses in a clearing in the jungle, the project director for the village whispered to me, "Stay close to me for awhile. I need to introduce you and explain everything. You know, youre only the seventh non-Cambodian who has ever been to this village."
I was a volunteer photographer for CAREa nongovernmental organization (NGO) with relief and development programs around the world. In a matter of 10 days, our crew (a writer, my brother, and I) stayed in five different provinces spread out across the country. Our job was to visit CARE projects and document their progress for internal and external publication. That was four months ago. I wound up staying in Cambodia for two months total and worked with seven more NGOs. During that relatively short time, I got a view of life and society in Cambodia that would have been nearly impossible to gain on my own. On top of that, I had the chance to support causes I believe in and gain experience in a field I long aspired to work in.
Easy to Arrange
What is perhaps most surprising about it all was how easy it was to arrange. I opened the phone book, got CAREs local office number, and simply asked them if they had any need for a volunteer photographer in Cambodia. A week later I received a call from the national headquarters in Atlanta with an assignment. Next I went to the web site of World Vision (another NGO) and sent an email to the Communications Director in Cambodia, who drafted a 2-week itinerary for me. Without even opening up a guidebook, I had nearly a month of travel in Cambodia already planned for me.
If you arent familiar with the range of NGOs out there, I recommend starting your search at www.InterAction.org. They have links to nearly every major NGO in existence. Even if you cant find any positions available with one of the large international NGOs, dont be discouraged. Many smaller local NGOs are usually in much greater need of volunteer help. The only trick is finding out about them. Try asking a larger NGO in the country to refer you to local NGOs or simply run a Google search. Risk-takers may just want to go with the "doorstep" approachwaiting until you arrive to find an organization, showing up unannounced, and offering your services. This works fairly well with many of the local NGOs. The NGO community within most of these countries is usually very close, so if you do good work for one, word gets around fast and it is often relatively easy to get referred to another organization.
As my example shows, it is not difficult to find a position with an NGO if you keep a couple of things in mind: First of all, if at all possible, try to volunteer for the organization before you go overseas. I was able to get an assignment with CARE shooting a local event in Seattle before I left, and I think that helped them feel confident about investing their time and money in my work.
Next, have a useful skill. I asked Sharon Wilkinson, the director for CARE Cambodia, about what kind of skills CARE sought for most volunteer positions.
"Primarily, we look for people who have skills that can span a wide variety of uses across many different departments," says Wilkinson. Familiarity with databases, writing, photography, editing, and typing were a few of the skills she mentioned. She also mentioned the need for individuals who had very specific knowledge on development issues such as anti-retrovirals, hygiene, and water safety. Such positions are very short term and involve evaluating and possibly updating the existing materials used by the NGO. But there are also many long-term opportunities as well. Another aid to your quest for a volunteer NGO position is to be flexible. Make it as easy as possible for them. The more dates and places that you make available, the more likely youll be given a chance to work.
Finally, be persistent. Talk to as many people in the organization as possible, and especially try to talk directly with an individual working in the country in which youre interested. Given the availability and widespread use of email, even someone working in a relatively small town in Cambodia is not beyond your reach.
A young monk picks flowers for Lao New Year festivities in Luang Prabang, Laos.
Costs and Benefits
For most developing countries, the biggest expense of your trip will simply be getting there. Health insurance during your stay, which is required when volunteering with some larger NGOs, can also be rather costlyusually starting at about $100 per month. Student Travel Association (www.statravel.com) offers a good package. So does International SOS travel insurance (www.internationalsos.com). Housing expenses can be minimal if you are willing to give up some comforts like AC or a private bathroom.
The benefits of the volunteer contract may differ greatly depending upon the NGO. One reimbursed me for my food, lodging, and in-country plane fares; another did not.
The greatest and most obvious of benefits to volunteering for an NGO abroad is the direct experience youll gain during your time there. Wilkinson told me that all volunteer work done there was fully evaluated and documented so that it could be easily referred to when looking for employment in the future. Dont be discouraged even if it doesnt sound like youll be given many responsibilities while youre therevolunteers who show initiative and interest often take on much more than they were initially assigned to do. I talked to one volunteer who said when she began work with CARE she was asked to do some basic editing of documents and forms, but because of her enthusiasm she wound up taking on the Herculean task of revising and rewriting all of the forms used in the entire office. Among other things, this gave her the opportunity to become familiar with the daily operations of CARE (and NGOs in general).
Socializing after hours with the NGO community by going to local events and parties or expat hangouts is also a good way to scout out more work opportunities with other NGOs in the area.
When I was in Cambodia two years earlier I was a tourist, typically not staying in one city for more than five days. This time around I got a 2-month trial run at life as an expatriate in Phnom Penh. This is a good way to test how you hold up under such circumstances before signing up for a long-term commitment. Settling in for a while allows you to form deeper relationships with people than you would otherwiseboth locals and expats. I became good friends with my motodop (motorcycle-taxi driver), who ended up taking me out to the countryside for a few days to live in his familys home and attend his sister-in-laws traditional Khmer wedding. In return I took photos of their family and of the wedding festival for them.
Working with an NGO, especially as a photojournalist, gave me the privilege of observing what life was like for a wide cross-section of society: orphans, monks, HIV/AIDS sufferers, garment-factory workers, sex workers, rice farmers, fishermen, silk weavers, and landmine victims. Ultimately, by volunteering for an NGO you are helping in the efforts to build sustainable development and economic independence within that society, an active participant in its struggles and victories.
1. Have an online portfolio of your work. This saves a lot of time by making it very easy for different organizations to quickly assess the quality and style of your work.
2. Bring all your gear. I could find no filters in Cambodia with the exception of the standard UV filter. Be prepared to shoot difficult lighting situations. Most often indoor lighting is provided by low natural light through windows. Be sure to bring your tripod, an electronic flash, a flash diffusion filter, and a fluorescent adjustment filter. For outdoor shots in tropical areas, bring a polarizer lens and a lens shade since the sun bleaches during the afternoon hours.
3. Try to set a slow pace. Do your best to make sure plenty of time is allotted for each assignment. The best pictures seem to come when youve been hanging around long enough that people start forgetting youre there.
4. Learn some of the language. Knowing some of the language shows a level of respect for the culture, not to mention that it makes your work a lot more fun. If youre able to joke around or make conversation with your subjects, theyll almost always be more open to you taking their picture. If nothing else, you should learn how to ask someone for their permission to photograph them.
5. Plan ahead as much as possible. Try to make sure that you hit all the interesting activities and events. Make sure the group knows youre coming beforehand so that they can have activities planned.
6. Dont be shy. I was torn between trying not to be too intrusive and trying to get compelling shots. I found that almost no one minded me taking their picture as long as I asked first. It is a balance of being both assertive and considerate. If you see a great picture, dont let it slip by if at all possible.
7. Pack as lightly as possible. Traveling in uncomfortable conditions and in hot humid weather will take a lot out of you. Dont make it any harder on yourself than it has to be. I brought a Minolta 35mm SLR with 28-80mm and 70-300mm zoom lenses. It would been nice to have an even wider angle lens.
8. Buy most of your film at home. Most shops had film stacked in display cases that were exposed to heavy sun, and who knows how long it had been out there.
9. Get your film developed there. I found a lab in Phnom Penh, Cambodia that did incredible work for a fraction of the price in the U.S. Usually they will reduce their already low prices if you develop several rolls at once. One word of caution: developed pictures are a lot heavier to carry around than undeveloped rolls of film.
10. Get CD negatives. Usually the NGO will want to keep your negatives. You can borrow them to make reprints if you want, but thats not so convenient. It makes it easier if you have CDs made of your work when you develop your film, and its usually incredibly affordable if you have it done overseas.
11. Buy good versatile film. I was really happy with Fuji Press 400. I felt ready for anything.