Searching for a Teaching Job in a Tightening Market
Teaching English in Central and Eastern Europe
By Susan Griffith
With so much of Western Europe almost impenetrable to non-European passport holders because of visa problems, Eastern and Central Europe holds out far more promise to the job-seeking English teacher. Hungary, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Romania, Bulgaria, the Baltic states (Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia), Russia, Ukraine and other former Soviet Republics occupy a vast area of the globe, offering rich and varied traditions and magnificent scenery, some of it relatively untrodden. From the exquisite painted monasteries of Romania to the much photographed rooftops of Prague, the region has been a magnet for job-seekers since the fall of Communism.
Thousands of joint ventures have been launched and academic alliances forged in that time, as English has supplanted Russian as the foreign language of choice. Many of these nations have become flourishing and stable democracies that continue to welcome native English speakers for decades. Unlike in the early days, it is now virtually essential to have some ESL training and/or experience, or at the very least friends and contacts in situ, in order to get a full-time job as an English instructor in the major cities. Vacancies tend to be more numerous in the less appealing industrial cities and provincial towns. Membership in the European Union means that for immigration purposes, nationals of other EU member states have an advantage over North Americans who will have to jump through a number of bureaucratic hoops in order to be hired legally.
The demand for native speakers of English is still strong in some of the former satellite republics of Russia. In some regions, economic hardship prevails, which means that opportunities exist for expatriate teachers but remuneration is low. A handful of independent placement organizations and commercial companies in the U.S. and UK send teachers to Eastern European outposts. Such programs (some are listed at the end of this article) are designed primarily for individuals in search of a cultural experience who don’t mind financing themselves.
Anyone with a relevant resumé should contact well-established schools in East European cities. To find the smaller schools on the spot, check the online Yellow Pages, local English language web notice boards, and seek out the expat community.
Russia and former Soviet Republics: A TEFL Boom
The growing and prosperous middle class in Moscow, St Petersburg and other cities still clamors to master English for business and also as a status symbol. The mainstream international language chains continue to recruit native speaker teachers. For example the Wall Street Institute (with 450 centres in 28 countries) opened in Russia in 2008 and as of 2012 has seven centres and continues to expand. It is a condition of obtaining a work visa that candidates have a university degree and a minimum 120-hour TEFL certificate. Many employers expect teachers to have had at least one year of teaching experience in addition. Few schools can afford to advertise and recruit teachers abroad, thus internet advertising and skype interviews are becoming more common. Local sites such as www.expat.ru are especially useful as sources of current vacancy listings.
The development of the oil industry in the Caspian Sea has resulted in an economic boom—and therefore something of a TEFL boom—in the former Soviet republics of Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan. The US investment in infrastructure has resulted in a preference for American English as the language of commerce. These destinations are no longer automatically considered hardship postings as they once were. For example Almaty, the capital of Kazakhstan—ninth largest country in the world—is now a relatively cosmopolitan city with international hotels and private language schools.
Getting a visa is still notoriously complicated for the employer. Language institutes that want to employ foreign teachers must be licensed by the local municipal government as an approved educational establishment and authorized by the Russian Foreign Migration Service to invite and issue work permits and contracts direct to teachers. The cost of a 12-month multiple-entry work visa is usually covered by the school and valid only for that employer.
List of Potential Employers:
BKC – International House, Moscow (www.bkcih-moscow.com). Employ up to 250 teachers from English-speaking countries, all with a recognized TEFL certificate.
EF English First, Moscow (www.englishfirst.com/trt or www.ef-russiateachers.com). Recruit for 35 schools in 20 cities throughout Russia. 4-week certificate plus university degree and one year's experience required.
IPT Russia, Moscow (www.iptrussia.ru). Large staff with native-speaking English teachers preferably with experience of the business world, especially financial or legal presentations.
Language Link Russia, Moscow (www.jobs.languagelink.ru). Hires 200 teachers for more than 50 branches throughout Russia. Candidates without a recognized qualification may enter Language Link’s Teacher Internship Training Program. Teaching positions at summer camps also available from June (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Sunhill School, Solnechnogorsk, Moscow Region (www.sunhillschool.ru). Like most employers of foreign teachers, this school (with another branch in Mendeleevo) pays between $1200 and $1300 per month for 24 lessons a week.
Windsor English Language School, Moscow (email@example.com; www.windsor.ru/eng). Year-round vacancies for TEFL certificate holders who have experience of teaching in Europe. Summer openings in Siberia.
Originally the most westernized of the old Russian states, Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia are now members of the European Union. Unfortunately this means that employers prefer to hire European teachers since they must apply for residence permits for non-European staff which can be long-winded and costly. Second-generation Lithuanians, Latvians and Estonians from North America and elsewhere are sometimes made welcome to work in their countries. International Language Services in Tallinn, Estonia (www.ilstallinn.com) is willing to interview teachers from outside Europe.
The vast republic of the Ukraine has an EFL market that is no longer struggling to establish itself. Demand has increased since the turn of the century, especially among the young learner market. Ukrainians aim to increase their own earning power and that of their children by promotiong language learning. However it has not always been easy to attract enough teachers: the country's reputation persists for offering low wages and primitive conditions, though much has improved in recent years. International House has a strong presence in the country with vacancies cropping up from time to time at its schools in Kiev (www.ih.kiev.ua/en/vacancies), Lviv (www.ihlviv.com) and other cities, i.e. Odessa, Kharviv and Dnipropetrovsk. The Educational Solutions Group (www.educationalsolutions.com.ua) is Ukraine’s largest privately owned chain of ELT schools comprising four London Schools of English and two Language Academies in various cities. Teachers with a minimum of a degree, ELT Certificate and experience should find it reasonably straightforward to be hired on an 11-month contract. At present, a visa-free regime for European, American and Canadian citizens operates for the first 90 days of their stay in the Ukraine, during which period the employer can obtain a labor authorization form (dozvil na pratsevlashtuvannia) and legalize the foreign teachers' positions.
Georgia & Central Asia
In 2010/2011, the Ministry of Education in Georgia took the dramatic decision to fund a native English speaker teaching program on a large scale. One thousand foreigners are welcomed to Georgia, to co-teach in state schools throughout the country for a term or a year. Airfares, homestay accommodation and medical insurance are provided plus an extra round-trip ticket to cover a vacation home for those who commit for a year. Although teachers are called volunteers, they are paid a stipend of 500 lari (about US$300) per month. Note the preposition in the name of the program: Teach and Learn with Georgia, since this is intended to be a cultural exchange as well. Details can be found at www.tlg.gov.ge. You can apply directly or via various recruitment companies around the world like Footprints in Canada (www.footprintsrecruiting.com) or CCI Greenheart Travel (www.greenhearttravel.org) in the USA.
Czech and Slovak Republics: Opportunities in Small Towns
In the decades that have elapsed since the Velvet Revolution of 1989, Western-backed language schools have been joined by many private schools run by locals in both the Czech and Slovak republics. While there seems to be an equal demand for English in both republics, the majority of TEFL teachers tend to gravitate to the Czech Republic, partly because there are more established language schools in Prague than Bratislava, most of them servicing the business community.
Unless you have a recognized TEFL qualification, it remains very difficult to obtain employment in the Czech capital because of the competition from other foreigners. The acceptance of both republics into the European Union in 2004 means that British and Irish passport-holders have an advantage in the job hunt. Qualified EFL teachers recruited (in decreasing numbers) to teach in primary and secondary schools, usually on a 1-year contract with low-cost or free accommodations and a gross salary of 15,000-25,000 crowns (about $750-$1,250) per month. The centralized contact is the Academic Information Agency (AIA) in Prague, part of the Ministry of Education (www.dzs.cz). The AIA simply acts as a go-between, posting vacancies and in some cases circulating resumés of graduates from the US, Canada and other English-speaking countries. Vacancies are advertised and filled between spring and August, mostly for a 1st September start.
It is not difficult to find contact details for English language institutes in Prague and elsewhere. The most established schools which are externally vetted and their quality standards monitored belong to the Asociace Jazykovych Skol a Agentur CR (AJSCR) or Czech Association of Language Schools (www.ajsa.cz). Teaching and other job vacancies can be found on the site www.expats.cz. Good sources of addresses include the Yellow Pages (Zlaté Stránky) under the heading Jazykove skoly and the Business Directory of the English-language paper the Prague Post (bol.praguepost.com/language-schools-and-agencies). In Bratislava, check the Slovak Spectator published weekly (www.spectator.sk).
Some schools specialize in teaching children, for which a basic knowledge of the Czech language, or a TEFL qualification which includes some training in teaching children is essential. Companies catering to this market include Wattsenglish (www.wattsenglish.com/for-teachers/employment-opportunities) with multiple schools for children around the Czech Republic, and Dino Schools of Prague (www.dinoskola.cz/en).
List of Potential Employers:
Akcent International House, Prague (www.akcent.cz). 100 positions for certificate-qualified teachers in and outside Prague.
Brno English Centre, Brno (www.brnoenglishcentre.cz). Assistance with residence permit given to qualified candidates.
EDUA Group (www.eduagroup.cz) is the biggest private educational institution in the Czech Republic. It offers a 4-week TEFL course with job guarantee and visa support in the Czech Republic (www.teflinprague.com) at a cost of €1,550 including accommodation. EDUA is the umbrella company of the Caledonian School which employs about 100 teachers in various locations in both the Czech and Slovak Republics (firstname.lastname@example.org) and the Tutor School (www.tutor.cz) with most vacancies in Prague and Brno.
MHC Business Language Training s.r.o., Bratislava, Slovakia (www.mhc-training.com). Takes on freelance trainers with business experience, e.g. of marketing, finance, pharmaceutical or law. Trainers from non-EU countries require working papers. Also operates in Croatia and Austria.
P.A.R.K School of English, Brno (www.jspark.cz).
Philadelphia Academy, Mladá Boleslav (www.philadel.com). Limited openings for native speakers.
Polyglot, Prague (www.polyglot.cz). About 50 teachers for 7 branches throughout Prague.
Poland: Plenty of opportunities in this large and populous country
Enthusiasm for hiring teachers from abroad has waned somewhat over the past decade, though the main teacher hiring sites like www.tefl.com continue to list a reasonable number of vacancies in Poland. Even the major cities like Warsaw, Wroclaw, Kraków, Poznan, and Gdansk are hopeful destinations for the job-seeking teacher, though the job hunt is predictably easier in lesser-known cities and towns, especially in southern Poland. Any number of commercial institute directors are delighted to interview native English speakers who present themselves in a professional manner.
Contacting private schools ahead of time may produce some interest, though it is much easier to find a job on the spot. Interested teachers should not expect to be snapped up unless they have at least a TEFL certificate and some sort of teaching experience.
The current average pre-tax wage in the private sector is between 2,500 and 3,500 zloties per month (equivalent of $750-$1,050) and private lessons usually pay up to 50 zloties ($15) an hour. The standard deduction is about 20 percent for taxes and contributions. As long as there’s subsidized or affordable housing, this is enough for teachers working the standard 24 hours a week, though the cost of living is much higher than it used to be with increasing rents, expensive mobile phones and petrol. Most foreigners try to supplement their income with private tutoring on the side. US and Canadian citizens need to apply for a consular visa in their country of origin which enables them to apply for a work permit in Poland with the sponsorship of their employer.
List of Potential Employers:
Angloville, Warsaw (www.angloville.com). 1 week language exchanges where native English speakers are given free hotel accommodation and meals in central Poland in exchange for conversing with learners all day and evening.
Archibald School of English, Warsaw (www.archibald.pl). Lively native speaker teachers work alongside Polish teachers.
English Unlimited, Gdansk (www.eu.com.pl). Has four centers around the Tri-City of Gdansk, Sopot and Gdynia.
McGregor Language Schools, Myślenice (email@example.com; www.mcgregor.home.pl). Support given to non-EU teachers and furnished accommodation provided.
Profi-Lingua (www.profi-lingua.pl) is one of the major chains with branches in Krakow, Warsaw, Wroclaw, Poznan and most other cities. Teachers who must have a degree, TEFL certificate and 2 years of teaching experience.
Speed School of English (www.myspeed.pl) with five branches in southern Poland with 70 teachers in Bielsko-Biala, Gliwice, Opole, Tychy and Wroclaw). Expects its teachers to have a BA degree of higher and preferably a TESOL Certificate, but staff do not require experience.
Word School of Foreign Languages, ul. Wyszyñskiego 1, 39-400 Tarnobrzeg, Poland; 011-48 15 823 83 33; firstname.lastname@example.org. Visa assistance for qualified applicants.
York School of English, Krakow (www.york.edu.pl). Employs teachers of many nationalities September to June for several branches including ones east of Krakow in Bochnia and Brzesko.
Hungary: Opportunities Are Mostly in Provinces
Partly because the Hungarian language is so difficult to master and partly because of the success of the program to retrain teachers who taught Russian in the bad old days, many schools prefer native Hungarians as English teachers. Despite this, a demand for qualified native speakers still exists, especially in the business market. The invasion by foreigners of Budapest was never as overwhelming as it was (and is) in Prague, but Budapest still has a glut of teachers. More opportunities exist in the provinces though, even in the more remote parts of the country, formal academic qualifications are important.
List of Potential Employers:
International House, Budapest (www.ih.hu). 40 certified teachers to teach in-company, to children, and one-to-one. Salary about 200,000 forints per month (net) for teaching 25 hours a week.
ILC Nyelviskola, Budapest (www.ilc.hu/en/teachers). Applications from native speakers accepted online.
Via Lingua, Budapest (www.via-lingua.hu). Proprietory 120-hour Certificate course (CTEFL) franchised to language school Tudomány Nyelviskola (www.tudomanynyelviskola.hu). Graduates of the course are given assistance with finding teaching work in Budapest.
List of Central Europe Placement Organizations
CCUSA, Sausalito, CA and UK (www.ccusa.com; www.ccusa.co.uk). Volunteer teacher/counsellors from the UK and USA are placed on children's and youth camps in Russia lasting four or eight weeks between mid-June and mid-August. Participants must have experience of working with children and/or abroad, be prepared to work a strenuous timetable and to pay the program fee of $3000/£999 which includes flights to Moscow and onward travel to destination. Camps are widely scattered from Lake Baikal in Siberia to the shores of the Black Sea.
Central European Teaching Program (CETP), Portland, OR (www.cetp.info). Places up to 80 native speakers of English in Hungarian state schools and a few in the Czech Republic. Volunteers must have a university degree and have completed a 40-hour TEFL Certificate (online or otherwise). The program fee is $2,500, and teachers are paid $450-$750 per month with free accommodation provided.
International House World Organization, London (ihworld.com/jobs). One of the first language teaching organizations to operate in Eastern Europe, IH continues to be one of the most active and has expanded into the Central Asian Republics. International House now has schools around the world in 50 countries. Jobs are open to teachers with a Cambridge CELTA or Trinity TESOL Certificate (or equivalent). Vacancies crop up most often in Moscow, Almaty, Bratislava, Bucharest, Prague, Budapest and various cities in Poland and the Ukraine.
Peace Corps, Washington, DC (www.peacecorps.gov). Provides volunteer teachers on 27-month contracts to many countries in Eastern Europe, with the largest numbers in Ukraine, Bulgaria, Moldova and Azerbaijan. Candidates must have a degree and at least three months of teaching or tutoring experience in English or ESL. All expenses, including airfare and health insurance, are covered. Applicants are recruited to teach at both secondary and university level and to become involved with teacher training and curriculum development.
Projects Abroad, New York (www.projects-abroad.org). Places fee-paying volunteers to teach English in Moldova and Romania, as well as many countries worldwide. No TEFL background required.
Sharing One Language (SOL), Devon, UK (www.sol.org.uk). British non-profit recruits graduates to teach in schools in the state sector in Hungary, Slovakia and Romania. Interviews are possible by Skype. All posts include local salary and housing.
Teachers for Central and Eastern Europe, Dimitrovgrad, Bulgaria 6400 (email@example.com; www.tfcee.8m.com). Students, preferably with a TEFL background, are accepted from the USA, UK, Canada and Australia to spend an academic year teaching in Bulgaria.
TEFL Express, London, UK (www.teflexpress.co.uk). Assists in recruiting for short-notice vacancies with its affiliate Language Link. Also year-round recruitment and internships in Russia, Czech Republic and Uzbekistan (among others). Candidates must be TEFL/CELTA trained.
WorldTeach Inc., Cambridge, MA (www.worldteach.org). Non-profit organization that places volunteer teachers of ESL or EFL in Polish summer camps (among other countries worldwide). Camps are in rural areas of Poland and placements last 7 weeks from the end of June. Participation fee is $4,490.
SUSAN GRIFFITH is author of the book Teaching English Abroad now in its 12th edition (published November 2012). See Susan's bio for more information about her extensive bibliography or to purchase her book.