Budget Travel along Croatia’s Coast
Between the Mountains and the Sea
Croatia is not exactly a hidden travel destination given its 12 million annual visitors, but for most North Americans the small Adriatic country remains off the beaten path and relatively unknown. Although popular with tourists from Central Europe in the summer, Croatia’s magnificent coastline is fairly quiet in spring and fall, providing an affordable and enjoyable vacation spot without the crowds. Despite its small size, Croatia offers a great variety of natural, cultural and historic attractions, all on a rather narrow strip of land along the Adriatic sea. The country is blessed with towering mountain ranges, a magnificent coastline, beautiful island archipelagos, and many cultural gems from Europe’s past. Within an hour’s drive you can scale tall limestone walls in the Velebit Mountains, visit the remains of Croatia’s medieval kingdom, go kite surfing in a windswept bay, and sip coffee on a square that was once a Roman marketplace. And what’s more, Croatia is still cheaper than most other European travel destinations. Croatia has not yet joined the European Union and does not use the Euro, so it is one of the most affordable destinations in Europe--especially if you come from outside Europe. The local currency Kuna has a favorable exchange rate to the dollar, and at a time, when the dollar is weak, this is a great advantage for budget travelers. In addition, the cost of transportation, lodging, and food is quite a bit lower than in Central or Western Europe.
Croatia: A Land Rich in History and Art
A visit to Croatia allows visitors not only to explore the Croatian people’s own unique culture, but also offers a glimpse into the history of its invading neighbors. Croatia’s history is closely linked to that of Central European powers, which left their cultural and architectural heritage. Not only did the Greeks and Romans leave their traces here, but there are also historic remains of early Christian churches, medieval castles, and Venetian palaces, which tell the turbulent history of a region torn between its allegiance to Eastern and Central European powers. The importance of Croatia’s historic places has also been recognized by UNESCO, which has included several sites on its World heritage list, including such historic sites as Sibenik, Split, Trogir, and Dubrovnik, all of them situated on the Adriatic Sea.
As mentioned above, within a short travel distance along the Adriatic sea, visitors can take a trip through much of Croatia’s history. The city of Zadar for example, situated along Croatia’s central coast, has a well-preserved Roman Forum, a 9th century Romanesque basilica, as well as Renaissance architecture from the time the city was under Venetian rule. The many new buildings in the old city bear testimony of the rebuilding efforts following Zadar’s siege by Serbian forces during Croatia’s war of independence from 1991-95. The image that emerges from this mosaic of history is that of a young nation proud of its diverse heritage that it shares with other European countries.
Croatia: A Great Destination for Outdoors Enthusiasts
Mostly known for its seaside vacation resorts, the country has much more to offer than the warm waters of the Adriatic Sea. In addition to its beautiful coastline with its innumerable islands, cliffs, bays and inlets, Croatia is also home to rugged mountain ranges, narrow gorges, caves, and pristine lakes and waterfalls. The natural feature that most characterizes Croatia’s landscape is karst rock, a porous limestone that makes up most of the country’s mountains and islands. Since water quickly drains through the karst rock, vegetation is scarce and soil quality is poor throughout the karst region, which is why much of the coastal Velebit mountain range and the adjacent island archipelagos have only been sparsely settled and cultivated throughout the region’s history. But what was once an obstacle to Croatia’s human development has become one of the main assets of its tourism industry today. The barren beauty of the karst rock gives the Croatian landscape its unique flair, with its white rock faces, narrow gorges, deep caves, huge waterfalls, and a maze of uninhabited islands just offshore. In recognition of its natural beauty and cultural significance, the arid and rocky Kornati Archipelago along Croatia’s central coast has been declared a national park, prohibiting the development of any tourism infrastructure on the islands. It is today one of the largest marine and island reserves in the Mediterranean and teems with marine and avian wildlife. Day trips to the national park are offered from several nearby coastal towns such as Zadar and Murter.
The Velebit mountains that run parallel to the coast offer some of Croatia’s most spectacular scenery and a great variety of outdoors activities. Although the mountain range is not the highest in Croatia, it’s rugged and sparsely populated terrain make for great hiking, trekking, caving, and rock climbing. Paklenica National Park, near the historic coastal town of Zadar, is the center for outdoor recreation in this mountainous region. The narrow gorge at the park entrance offers excellent rock climbing routes, and the back country has many hiking trails and several huts, where hikers can spend the night.
Krka National Park is another worthwhile natural attraction near the coast. Located 30 miles inland from the picturesque historic town of Sibenik, the park is best known for its magnificent waterfalls created by the river Krka. Although the park does not have a network of long hiking trails as does the nearby Paklenica National Park, there are several shorter trails, as well as boat excursions that take visitors through a long gorge past waterfalls. Not to mention a secluded island monastery.
In addition to visiting Croatia’s national parks, visitors can indulge in a variety of outdoors activities along the coast. Swimming, boating, and sailing are naturally the most popular activities here, but the rugged coast with its many inlets and the adjacent mountains provides excellent conditions for more demanding sports such as kitesurfing and windsurfing. The pristine maritime ecosystem of Kornati National Park is also a great destination for divers.
With the exception of large hotels located around the Istrian peninsula in the north, accommodations along Croatia’s coast are mostly provided by affordable small hotels, pensions, and guest houses. If you travel by car, you can also take advantage of the many campgrounds scattered along Croatia’s Adriatic coast.
Getting To and Around Croatia
There are regular flights to Croatia’s capital Zagreb from many European airports. During the summer charter airlines offer additional flights that connect major European cities to Croatian vacation destinations along the coast, such as Pula, Zadar, Split and Dubrovnik. Try Croatia Airlines or RyanAir.
There are five cities along the Adriatic coast that can be reached by train: Pula and Rijeka in the north, and Zadar Sibenik, and Split along the Central Dalmatian coast. Croatia is part of the Eurail Pass system, which means that you can travel to Croatia on a Eurail Pass, a regional pass or a Croatia Rail Pass.
There is regular ferry service from several northern Croatian cities to Venice, as well as from Zadar, Split, and Stari Grad to Ancona (Italy), and from Split to Pescara (Italy). There are also ferries that regularly run up and down the Croatian coast from Dubrovnik to Rijeka. In addition, there is regular ferry service that connects all populated islands in Croatia with the mainland.
Buses operate between larger cities as well as smaller towns. If you don’t have a car, a combination of bus and train travel should get you around Croatia without any problems. Eurolines www.eurolines.com/ connects Croatia with several other European countries by bus.
All major international car rental companies have branches in Croatia, mostly at airports, but also in major towns along the Adriatic Sea.
When to Go
As elsewhere in Europe, summers are the most crowded and most expensive season to travel in Croatia. On the other hand, this is also the time when most of the art, culture, and music festivals take place, if that’s one of your main interests. But Croatia is also an ideal destination for off-season travel, when there are fewer tourists and prices are lower. Due to it southern location, Croatia’s Adriatic coast has a mild Mediterranean climate, with long hot summers and short rainy winters. Spring and fall are great seasons for a visit to Croatia. The weather is warm, and even though water temperatures are a little lower than in the summer, there are still plenty of outdoor and cultural activities to suit your interests.